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 ALLOYING ELEMENTS

Aluminum Deoxidizes and restricts grain growth
Baron Increases hardenability and strength
Carbon Increases hardenability and strength
Chromium Increases corrosion resistance, hardenability and wear resistance
Lead Increases machinibility
Manganese Increases hardenability and counteracts brittleness from sulfur
Molybdenum Deepens hardening, raises creep strength and hot-hardness, enhances corrosion resistance and increases wear resistance
Nickel Increases strength and toughness
Phosphorus Increases strength, machinability, and corrosion resistance
Silicon Deoxidizes, helps electrical and magnetic properties, improves hardness and oxidation resistance
Titanium Forms carbides, reduces hardness in stainless steels
Tungsten Increases wear resistance and hot hardness
Vanadium Increases hardenability

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Copyright 2001 METALWORKING BOOKS
Last modified: December 08, 2001