TYPES OF STAINLESS STEEL
General purpose, precipitation-hardening, stainless steel, Low temperature (1000
deg. F approx) "age hardening" produces superior hardness/strength
without distortion or scaling. 17-4PH contains16% chromium 3% nickel and is heat
treatable. Micro structure is Martensitic.
302 is a slightly higher carbon version of type 304, most commonly found in
strip and wire forms. While still used in a variety of industries. Type 302 is
not heat treatable its micro structure is Austenitic.
303 is one of the most popular of all the free machining stainless steels.
It offers good strength, corrosion resistance and great machinability. Type 303
contains 17% chromium and 8% nickel and is not heat treatable, its micro
structure is Austenitic
304 is one of the most widely used and oldest of the stainless steels. This
was originally called 18-8 which stood for its chromium and nickel content. It
possesses an excellent combination of strength, corrosion resistance and
fabricability. Type 304 contains 18% chromium and 8% nickel and is not heat
treatable its micro structure is Austenitic.
316 This austenitic stainless steel has an increased molybdenum content to
increase its resistance to corrosion when compared to other 300 series alloys.
It will resist scaling at temperatures up to 1600 F. Many people use this
material for heat treating applications where hot salt solution is used. 316 is
also used in the marine industry because of its resistance to corrosion. Type
316 contains 16% chromium and 10% nickel and 2% molybdenum t is
not heat treatable and its micro structure is Austenitic.
316L Much like 316 the "L" means "low carbon", the .035%
carbon is a MAXIMUM value, in % by weight, and represents what is not removed
during steel making. The advantage of the lower carbon is that it forms less
chromium carbide during welding. Chromium is what makes stainless steel
stainless, if it is tied up as chromium carbide it cannot prevent corrosion. In
the old days it was difficult to get down to .035% so most 316 (and 304) had
~.06% and was subject to "sensitization" during welding. Type 316L
contains 16% chromium, 10% nickel, 0.035% carbon and 2% molybdenum it is not
heat treatable and its micro structure is Austenitic.
was the first free machining stainless steel. It is a heat treatable chromium
steel with excellent machinability and non-galling characteristics. The alloy is
magnetic in all conditions. 416 contains 12% chromium and 0.15% nickel it is
heat treatable and its micro structure is austenitic
430 A basic ferritic non-heat treatable
stainless steel. Its strengths are in ductility, formability, good corrosion and
oxidation resistance, thermal conductivity and finish quality. Type 430 contains
15% chromium and its micro structure is Ferritic.
440C This is a high carbon martensitic stainless with moderate corrosion
resistance good strength and the ability to obtain and keep excellent hardness
(Rc 60) and wear resistance. This is a common material used in knife making.
Type 440C contains 12% chromium and 0.95% nickel and is heat treatable and its
micro structure is Martensitic.
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